AT 2007 Volume 27 Issue 2

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  • ItemOpen Access
    Praying through kenosis
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Williams, D. T.
    English: From the very beginning, the practice of intercessory prayer has been an accepted part of Christian life, yet it has often been felt to be in conflict with the Christian view of God.Even though prayer has been understood as part of a relationship with God, ascribing omniscience to him has been felt to render intercession superfluous.However, understanding God as limiting himself in kenosis for the sake of relating to people, on the one hand, means that prayer is a reality as it really affects God, and changes thefuture, and, on the other hand, retains the traditional view of God as totally sovereign, which includes his omniscience.Then, if God’s approach to people is kenotic, the response of people to God, especially in prayer, should likewise be in the humility of kenosis .
  • ItemOpen Access
    Roeping en opleiding in 'n spesifieke konteks: vyf trinitariese stellinge oor motivering en oriëntasie¹
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Venter, R.
    English: The article endeavours to discuss, from a theological point of view, continuing theological education, and proposes that a consistently trinitarian approach will address crucial aspects relating to further education for ministers.The argument is developed in the form of five statements. It is argued that a trinitarian perspective responds to the need for a focus on theological education and motivates the practice of continuous training.A study of the contemporary context is required by trinitarian faith which also informs matters of basic orientation and content.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Reflections on methodology and interdisciplinarity in the postmodern dialogue between theology and the natural sciences
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) De Lange, M. C.
    English: Postmodern interdisciplinarity provides a more flexible and productive methodological framework for the age-old dialogue between theology and the natural sciences than did the modern more rigid and oppositional disciplinary framework.Taking the work of Wentzel van Huyssteen as basis, the author focuses on developing an understanding of the roles of interdisciplinarity, foundationalism, non-foundationalism, and postfoundationalism in the dialogue between theology and science, and highlights the methodological changes resulting from the change-over from modernity to postmodernity.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Stylistic variation in three English translations of the Dead Sea Scrolls
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Naudé, J. A.
    English: Since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947 different English translations were published.In this article the stylistic variation of three of these translations are analysed. It is suggested that the issue of stylistic variation boils down to linguistically inscribed preference in the choice and construction of discourses in the translated texts, i.e.a case of identifying the norms governing the patterning of translational behaviour within a given socio-cultural milieu.Vermes’translation demonstrates the tendency to simplify the language used in translation.In the translation by Wise, Abegg & Cook there is an overall tendency to spell things out rather than leave them implicit.The translation of García Martínez demonstrates the trend towards general textual conventionality as opposed to textual creativity as in the case of the translation of Wise, Abegg & Cook and Vermes.
  • ItemOpen Access
    I am the Bread of Life. Imagery in John 6:32-51
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Van der Watt, J. G.
    English: John 6 is one of the most discussed chapters in the Gospel according to John, because of the Eucharistic nature of the language in 6:51c-59.The complex nature of the metaphors and imagery used in these verses, as well as the richness and power of the ensuing communication, are often overlooked.This article explores the literary nature of the text and focuses on the dynamics of metaphor, the interaction between the figurative and literal sections in the text, as well as the strong influence of the socio-religious context of the text on its interpretation and understanding.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Philippians 4:10-23 from a rhetorical perspective
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Snyman, A. H.
    English: This article endeavours to analyse Phil.4:10-23 from a different perspective to approaches which tend to force ancient rhetorical categories on the letter.On the basis of a text-centred approach, this part of the letter is divided into two sectons, namely 4:10-20 and 21-23.Paul’s dominant rhetorical strategy in 4:10-20 could be described as “Strengthening his special relationship with the Philippians by thanking them for their co-operation in the work of the gospel”.In the second section (4:2123) Paul instructs the church leaders to greet all God’s people in Philippi.In analysing the rhetorical strategies and techniques in 4:10-23, the focus is on the manner in which Paul argues, the type of arguments he uses and the rhetorical techniques that could enhance the impact of his communication.All these strategies and techniques enable Paul to achieve his rhetorical objectives.
  • ItemOpen Access
    'n Voorgestelde raamwerk vir die literatuurstudie as kwalitatiewe navorsingsmetodologiese tegniek: 'n literatuurstudie oor genadedood as voorbeeld uit die teologiese etiek
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Lategan, L. O. K.
    English: This article proposes a framework on how to conduct a literature study as part of the research process.Seven steps form the design of this framework, namely the identification of the scientific ethos;the identification of both the research problem and the research project;the conceptualisation of key concepts;the analysis of material on the research topic;a reflection on the literature study;a critique on the existing body of literature related to the research problem, and the formulation of an opinion.Euthanasia serves to illustrate the application of this framework.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Prediking uit die Ou Testament
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Janse van Rensburg, J.
    English: Preaching from the Old Testament has many pitfalls.Besides the danger of moralism, allegory and typology, there is the problem of preaching Christ from the Old Testament. Forcing Christ into Old Testament texts has Old Testament scholars up in arms, to the extent that some believe that Christ is not found in the Old Testament and that there are no Messianic texts.Between reading Christ into the Old Testament and not preaching Christ from the Old Testament, the preacher must find a responsible way of dealing with the many challenges.The article endeavours to provide some guidelines and principles for preaching from the Old Testament to a Christian congregation.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Die impak van intergeneratiewe trauma. Verkennende perspektiewe tesame met enkele pastorale kantaantekeninge
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Coetzer, W.
    English: The article focuses on the process of the transmission of trauma within succeeding generations.Typical behaviour and symptoms are highlighted.A summary of typical characteristics of a dysfunctional family is presented, followed by a literature study on the history of research on the theme of intergenerational trauma.Some parallels with a typical dysfunctional home are drawn.The focus then shifts to a pastoral model for counselling family members who suffer from the results of intergenerational trauma. This model is based mainly on four therapeutic models presented in the literature regarding the counselling of victims of intergenerational trauma and dysfunctional families.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Die ontwikkeling van pastoraal-narratiewe mentorskapbeginsels as effektiewe leerbenadering
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Fourie, M.; Van den Berg, J.-A
    English: This study endeavours to seek answers relating to mentorship as an effective approach to learning, and to the application of mentorship in order to facilitate meaning and purpose.Learning is essential for the effective functioning of an individual.Mentorship is considered to be one of the best methods to facilitate individual learning and development in all spheres of life.Therefore mentorship in teaching and learning establishes an integrated approach to learning.Mentorship supposes a unique, individual multi-dimensional relationship agreed upon by two persons on the same journey, resulting in life-changing insight and mutual learning.In this relationship the narrative approach offers the possibility of using story-telling in creating unique outcomes.In this process it is possible to encounter the God of the Story who ultimately leads to the creation of a new story.The principles of pastoral-narrative mentorship have been developed for pastoral mentorship where two co-journeying persons co-construct a new life story with added purpose and meaning.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Die predikant: dienaar van God of net 'n gewone werknemer?
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) Du Plessis, J. V.; Deacon, H. J.
    English: This article examines the nature of the relationship between the minister and his/her congregation in the Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa.Is the minister in the service of God, or is he/she in the service of the General Synod of the Dutch Reformed Church, the Synod of the relevant province concerned, or the Presbytery within which the congregation falls, or is he/she merely an employee of his congregation? The church ordinance is examined against the background of three relatively recent directional judgements of the courts, and a comparison is drawn between the Dutch Reformed Church and the Anglican Church.It is concluded that the minister is not only a servant of God, but also an employee in the service of the congregation.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Die ondersteuning van okkulte-gerehabiliteerdes: 'n pastoraal-teologiese model vir die toerusting van fasiliteerders
    (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 2007) De Beer, B. M. J.; Van den Berg, J. A.
    English: The involvement of the occult-possessed in paganism and Satanism, in particular, seems to be extremely destructive.This destructiveness permeates every aspect of the possessed person’s life.After evangelisation, deliverance, and the start of therapy for underlying psychological problems, the occult-possessed person’s status changes to that of an occult-rehabilitee.The occult-rehabilitee’s social interaction and relationships must be rebuilt and restored.This orientation and reinstatement in the community is an extremely complex and time-consuming activity.Specialised persons such as physicians, therapists and others are involved in the psychological and physical treatment aspects of the occult-rehabilitee.However, these specialists cannot assist the occultrehabilitee during the entire programme of orientation and reinstatement on account of their workload.A informal helper, is therefore the ideal person to assist the occult-rehabilitee.Due to the complex nature of this task, a facilitator therefore requires specific equipment and training.When assisting the occult-possessed and the occult-rehabilitee, a facilitator is exposed to a person who has been directly involved with the occult.The study is based on a pastoral-theological epistemology.An eclectic model is also preferred when handling the occult-possessed and in the subsequent facilitating process.