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dc.contributor.advisorVan Rooyen, Johan
dc.contributor.advisorSwanepoel, Frans
dc.contributor.advisorStroebel, Aldo
dc.contributor.authorVan Niekerk, Johan Adam
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-27T07:21:31Z
dc.date.available2017-03-27T07:21:31Z
dc.date.issued2012-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/6003
dc.description.abstractEnglish: Agriculture and rural development in the Eastern Cape, and in South Africa, are in vital need of revitalization; especially since the people of the communal areas of the Province are often referred to as the poorest of the poor. Organizations, with specific reference to the Eastern Cape's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, use agricultural extension as a vehicle for developing agriculture and the rural areas. Presently, the Department uses the Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/E) model for this purpose. The objectives for this thesis are to determine: • if this extension model presently used is effective, as well as to determine how to strengthen this model; • the perceptions of extension workers and agricultural researchers on factors supporting effective agricultural extension; • the specific needs of small-scale farmers and how they foresee themselves to become more commercially orientated; • the thoughts of practicing extension workers on the public extension services' strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, and what they believe needs to be done to make the extension service more efficient and effective; • the thoughts of actors from the agricultural support services - namely actors from agribusinesses and agricultural economists - on what role they see the public extension service should play and the steps that the extension service should take in order to be more effective; and • a new extension model for the Eastern Cape will be determined. This was achieved by consulting relevant literature sources, including the experts in the field on the present developments in extension, as well as using a questionnaire to determine the perceptions of the extension workers and agricultural researchers, a Logical Framework Analysis was used to determine the perceptions the small-scale farmers faced as well as the ways that they believed would solve their problems. Another two Logical Framework Analysis wereused to determine the thoughts of practicing extension workers and actors from the agricultural support services on what they believed is needed to strengthen the extension organization. The results from the study revealed information on global extension developments: perceptions of extension workers and researchers; the actual needs of a rural community and their vision of how to become more commercially orientated; the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the public extension service as viewed by the province's extension workers; the views of the extension workers concerning the problems that they face and ways to solve these problems; the views of the actors from agribusinesses and agricultural economists - collectively known as the agricultural support services - on the problems they have with the public extension service, the envisaged role that they see for the extension service and their envisaged way forward for the extension service in the province; a matrix of the factors linked to effective extension and the actors involved in strengthening these factors; and proposed a new and strengthened extension model. This new model is a decentralized, market-orientated extension model, which incorporate all actors within the agricultural environment and the actual needs of farmers. Involvement of various actors in strengthening the public extension service and the extension workers' skills was also described and is included in the model.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractAfrikaans: Landbou en landelike ontwikkeling in die Oos-Kaap en in Suid-Afrika, moet herbeplan word; veralomdat daar na die landelike gebiede van die ou Ciskei en Transkei verwys word as die armste van arm gebiede. Organisasies met spesifieke verwysing na die Oos-Kaapse Departemente van Landbou en Landelike Ontwikkeling, gebruik landbou as voertuig vir ontwikkeling in landelike gebiede. Huidiglik gebruik die Departement die Plaas Sisteem Navorsing en Voorligting model vir hierdie doel. Die objekte van hierdie tesis is om te bepaal: • of hierdie voorligtingsmodel wat huidiglik gebruik word, effektief is en om te bepaal hoe om die model te versterk; • die persepsies van die voorligters en landbou-navorsers op faktore wat effektiewe landbouvoorligting ondersteun; • die spesifieke belange van kleinboere en hoe hulle meer gekommersialiseerd kan raak; • die gedagtes van huidige landbou-voorligters op die publieke landbouvoorligtingsteisel se sterk en swak punte asook geleenthede en bedreigings en wat landbouvoorligters glo moet gebeur om die voorligtingstelsel meer effektief te maak; • die gedagtes van rolspelers in die landbou ondersteuningsdiens - naamlik landboubesighede en landbou-ekeonomie - op watter rol hulle sien publieke landbou-voorligtingsdiens moet speel en die stappe wat die landbouvoorligtingsdiens moet neem om meer effektief te wees; en • of daar 'n nuwe landbouvoorligtingsmodel vir die Oos-Kaap ontwikkel moet word. Gepaste literatuur was deurentyd geraadpleeg, insluitend kenners van huidige ontwikkelings in landbouvoorligting. 'n Kwantitatiewe vraelys is gebruik om die persepsies van landbouvoorligters en landbounavorsers te bepaal. 'n Logiese Raamwerk Analise was gebruik om die probleem wat kleinboere ondervind te bepaal en ook maniere te kry om hierdie probleem op te los. Nog twee Logiese Raamwerk Analises was gebruik om die gedagtes van landbouvoorligters en landbouondersteuningsdienste te verkryoor wat hulle glo nodig is om landbouvoorligting te versterk. Die studie het inligting verskaf oor internasionale voorligting ontwikkelings; persepsies van landbouvoorligters en navorsers; die werklike behoeftes van die landelike gemeenskap en hulled room om meer kommersieël georiënteerd te raak; die sterk punte, swak punte, geleenthede en bedreigings soos gesien deur die landbouvoorligters in die Oos-Kaap; die menings van landbouvoorligters rakende probleme wat hulle ondervind en maniere om die probleme op te los; die menings van rolspelers in landboubesighede en landbou-ekonomie - bekend as landbouondersteuningsdienste - rakende probleme wat hulle ondervind met publieke landbouvoorligting en die rol wat hulle vir landbouvoorligting sien en die pad vorentoe vir landbouvoorligting in die Provinsie; 'n matrix van faktore wat verband hou met effektiewe voorligting en die rolspelers betrokke in die versterking van die faktore; en 'n nuwe verbeterde voorligtingsmodel. Die studie het relevante resultate gelewer. Dit het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat 'n gedesentraliseerde, mark georiënteerde voorligtingsorganisasie, wat insluit alle rolspelers in die landbouomgewing en die werklike behoeftes van die boere, is meer effektief as huidige voorligtingsmodelle. Betrokkenheid van verskeie rolspelers in die versterking van die publieke voorligtingstelsel en die voorligtingswerkers se kennis was ook beskryf en is ingesluit in die model.af
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectExtension modelen_ZA
dc.subjectExtension workeren_ZA
dc.subjectSmall-scale farmeren_ZA
dc.subjectAgricultural support systemsen_ZA
dc.subjectResearchersen_ZA
dc.subjectLogframe analysisen_ZA
dc.subjectRural developmenten_ZA
dc.subjectFood securityen_ZA
dc.subjectEastern Cape Provinceen_ZA
dc.subjectCommunication participation innovation(CPI)en_ZA
dc.subjectExtension modelen_ZA
dc.subjectAgriculture -- Economic aspects -- South Africa -- Eastern Capeen_ZA
dc.subjectAgricultural extension workers -- South Africa -- Eastern Capeen_ZA
dc.subjectThesis (Ph.D. (Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development and Extension))--University of the Free State, 2012en_ZA
dc.titleRedefining the role of the extension agent in commercializing South African agriculture: an Eastern Cape case studyen_ZA
dc.typeThesisen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA


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