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dc.contributor.advisorVenter, A. M.
dc.contributor.advisorVenter, H. J. T.
dc.contributor.advisorBruyns, P. V.
dc.contributor.authorJoubert, Lize
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-24T08:43:50Z
dc.date.available2015-11-24T08:43:50Z
dc.date.copyright2013
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.submitted2013
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/1811
dc.description.abstractCryptolepis R.Br. (Apocynaceae, Periplocoideae) was taxonomically revised. Detailed descriptions of macro and micro-morphology, palynology, geographic distribution and ecological characteristics were presented. An identification key to the species was compiled and the nomenclature of all species was revised while all available type material was studied and lectotypes and neotypes were designated where necessary. Molecular phylogenetic analyses, based on the gene regions ITS, trnD–T and trnT–F, of representative species of 28 periplocoid genera and 22 Cryptolepis species were presented and the monophyly of Cryptolepis was evaluated. Historically a total of 81 species names and four subspecies names were published for Cryptolepis. However, a large number of species names were later placed in synonymy or transferred to other genera, while several new combinations were published. This resulted in a total of 29 accepted Cryptolepis species at the commencement of this study. Three new species, C. ibayana, C. thulinii and C. villosa, resulted from this study and the latter two were described in this thesis. One species, C. producta, was synonymised with C. oblongifolia. Cryptolepis, therefore, comprises a total of 31 species at present. In terms of species diversity, distribution and potential pharmaceutical and economic value, Cryptolepis is one of the most significant genera in the Periplocoideae. Cryptolepis grows throughout sub-Saharan Africa, the southern parts of Yemen, the island archipelago of Socotra, and southern Asia ranging from India to southern China, Taiwan, the Philippines and Indonesia. Most of the species grow in tropical forests or savannah, but 13 species are also adapted to arid environments. The majority of Cryptolepis species are concentrated in four centres of diversity along the east coast of Africa and on Socotra. These hotspots are associated with both arid and forest refugia in areas which have been regarded as local centres of endemism for a number of other plant taxa. The phylogenetic analysis of Cryptolepis indicates that most of these hotspots were colonized repeatedly by different Cryptolepis groups. In addition to the influence of climate shifts, edaphic conditions and also fire had a significant influence on species diversity and distribution in Cryptolepis. Macro and micro-morphological investigations indicated that numerous characters, including growth form, leaf shape and size, leaf epidermal characters, venation, inflorescence structure, floral structure and seed coat surface characters, are of diagnostic value at species level in Cryptolepis. However, the species can only be accurately identified by using a combination of these characters. The molecular phylogenetic analyses revealed that Cryptolepis is paraphyletic and, in order to establish a monophyletic genus, it was proposed that the circumscription of the genus be broadened to include Parquetina as a synonym of Cryptolepis. Several vegetative and reproductive characters showed a high degree of homoplasy, suggesting a high degree of morphological plasticity. This plasticity was also found at species level in C. oblongifolia, which showed significant variation in vegetative and reproductive features. This, together with a high tolerance for disturbance, has resulted in C. oblongifolia becoming the most widely distributed of all Cryptolepis species.en_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectThesis (Ph.D (Plant Sciences))--University of the Free State, 2013en_ZA
dc.subjectApocynaceaeen_ZA
dc.subjectAsclepiadaceaeen_ZA
dc.subjectBiogeographyen_ZA
dc.subjectCryptolepisen_ZA
dc.subjectNomenclatureen_ZA
dc.subjectMicromorphologyen_ZA
dc.subjectPeriplocoideaeen_ZA
dc.subjectPalynologyen_ZA
dc.subjectTaxonomyen_ZA
dc.subjectPhylogenyen_ZA
dc.subjectSystematicsen-ZA
dc.subjectTaxonomyen-ZA
dc.titleA taxonomic study of the genus cryptolepis (periplocoideae: apocynaceae)en-ZA
dc.typeThesisen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA


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