Kanoniseringsprosesse in die Afrikaanse literatuursisteem: die rol van N.P. van Wyk Louw
English: The problem of canonisation is central to discussions on literary awards, literary historiography, the teaching of literature and the publishing of books. In essence the canon is merely a concrete manifestation of the more searching questions concerning the production of literary works, the processes of literary evaluation and the teaching practices within institutions. Thus, the evolution taking place in a number of areas in South Africa, as well as the continual charges against the exclusivity of the canon, indirectly calls for a critical evaluation of the mechanisms of canonisation within the Afrikaans literary system. Some factors which complicate matters concerning the canon are the unclear boundaries of the canon, measurability and the multitude of systems involved. After defining the concept canon/canonisation, the theoretical assumptions concerning the interaction between, among others, historic, technological, socio-cultural, ideological, intellectual and didactic aspects are explained. As a matter of course this consideration leads to the polysystemic approach of Even-Zahar who perceives literature as a complex ensemble of systems which influence one another, function interdependently, and ceaselessly enter into new relations to one another. Related to Even-Zohar's view is Schmidt's model which combines system theory with action theory so that entities are not merely accounted for as components, but also as agents taking part in actions. He postulates that internal differentiation takes place In the literary system and distinguishes between four action roles: production, distribution, reception and processing. Although he defines each explicitly these levels of action cannot be entirely separated from one another. These principles are applied on a practical level. The definition of the literary system in terms of system theory is employed in a description of the Afrikaans literary system which may be structured by "nationalism". An outline of value changes and paradigm shifts during the twentieth century is given by focusing on three anthologies and isochronous literary histories as arbitrary intersections of diachrony and synchrony. During this description of the literary system the pivotal role of N.P. van Wyk Lauw is explored by means of specific criteria. A provisional map of his role in the canonisation process is drawn by pointing to Louw's most conspicuous contributions, followed by a more detailed examination. Naturally, this description is given in terms of Schmidt's action roles. In this dissertation Louw's roles may be categorised as explicit actions of canonisation. However, there are at the same time more subtle actions of canonisation involved which prepare, influence and codetermine the mechanisms of canonisation. Numerous examples are given to illustrate Louw's methods and the relationship between the various levels of and factors concerning the canonisation process is emphasised throughout. In conclusion the research outcomes are evaluated: N.P. van Wyk Lauw had ideal possibilities for canonisation. He was not only a prolific poet, but through his critical essays he could exercise a powerful influence. As he was gradually accepted within the literary canon his role in the canonisation process changed accordingly. Although Lauw has been one of the most influential canonisers up to date, his actions of canonisation are deeply inbedded in his poetical persona. For him this aspect of his life was a responsibility towards his people and their continued existence he took upon himself. The theoretical framework of this study made it possible to explore the processes of canonisation descriptively. Starting points and critical strategies have been clearly defined and adhered to in order to ensure that the discourse takes place within theoretical constructs. Moreover, these criteria have led to verifiable findings and the systematicapproach creates new possibilities for research.