A climate change –induced drought resilient framework development for resettled women under fast track resettlement programme: a case of Zimbabwe
Strengthening the resilience of women farmers is necessary for the development and growth in a nation. The aim of the study was to develop a resilience framework for resettled women against the effects of climate change induced drought risk. The Vulnerability to Resilience framework was adopted in the study and the four dimensions (hazards and stress, future uncertainty, livelihood and governance) assisted in acquiring techniques to strengthen the resilience of the resettled women. The Convergent parallel mixed method design was applied in the study; this directed the study to make use of both quantitative and qualitative methods for data collection. A multi sampling technique was used, for purposively selecting three out of seven districts in Mashonaland Central province, namely Bindura, Shamva and Muzarabani. This was followed by stratified random sampling and snowball sampling. A simple random sampling was used for the selection of interview participants. A structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data and a semi-structure interview guide was used to conduct face to face interviews. Qualitative data was analysed by extracting themes. The quantitative data was analysed using the exploration of demographics using PIVOT tables (MS excel), reliability test analysis (using SPSS V25 IBM), the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and descriptive statistics per latent variable. The researcher also used confirmatory factor analysis and a vulnerability analysis for the resettled women was established. The structural equation was also used to develop a framework for resilience. The vulnerability analysis results indicated that the resettled women were vulnerable because of limited awareness, the women were not prepared for drought and lacked a drought plan. There was lack of coordination between the government and the community members. The government was unable to translate drought risk policies into the local drought risk reduction practices. The women had some form of capacities, they applied some adaptive strategies such as crop rotation and crop diversity, had access to good markets, they also had social networks such as farmers organisations, mikando, and church groups which were able to assist with financial and emotional support. The study recommended that the national drought policy should set up a clear regulated principle to administrate the management of drought and the associated impacts. One main recommendation is that the government should work closely with the farmers and the local leaders to make sure that the community abides to the laws and policies of the country.