Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: word orders with ditransitive verbs(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanThe word order of any sentence with a ditransitive verb will of necessity differ materially from word orders where the V is transitive or intransitive, due to the fact that the ditransitive verb has a twofold object. In this chapter the prevalence of an additional/second object position within the lexical domain is investigated. The functional domain has to be adapted to accommodate an additional AgrOP position in order to make provision for the licensing of an additional or second object. Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: Verb-Subject-Object and related word orders in BA(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanAccording the philologist Joseph Greenberg (1978:76) all languages may (superficially) be classified into six groups on the criterion of word order, viz S-V-O, S-O-V, V-S-O, V-O-S, OV-S and O-S-V. The grammatical relations S, V and O are used in combination to express six types of word order. All these word orders feature in BA. No unmarked word order of BA, as a non-living language, has yet been found. This chapter will attempt to identify the unmarked word order peculiar to BA and secondly to explain the occurrence of the remaining five word orders in BA within the principles of economy dictated by Chomsky (1992). These two objectives are supported by the assumptions made and the inferences drawn in chapters 3 and 4. The various word orders will be explained in terms of a taxonomic exposition of different types of sentence and classes of conjugation. Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: Verb-Subject-Object and related word orders in BA(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, Adriaan Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: Verb-Subject (V-S) and Subject- Verb (S-V) relations(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanThis chapter will determine the way in which word order in sentences with intransitive V’s can be derived. In BA, sentences with intransitive V’s reveal V-S and S-V word order. Various classes of conjugation (Perfect, Imperfect and Participle) as well as various kinds of sentences (for instance simple or complex sentences) will serve as further distinction in determining word order. Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: the Minimalist Programme as a general linguistic framework for verb movement(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanThis chapter offers a survey of recent developments in the theory of sentence-structure within the Chomskyan generative framework. The emphasis is on the development of syntactic theory up to and including MP. MP is introduced and explained in two of Chomsky’s recent publications, namely A Minimalist Programme for Linguistic Theory (1992) and Bare Phrase Structure (1994). The explanation of MP in this chapter relies on the abovementioned papers while also taking account of the language-specific proposals in Broekhuis & Den Dikken (1993), Marantz (1995), Zwart (1993, 1996), and Oosthuizen & Waher (1996). Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: introduction(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanThe activity in which you are engaged at this moment is reading and understanding an English sentence which you have never seen before and may well never see again. You may ask, how is it possible to understand a sentence which has never been seen? Or, to put it in a different way in terms of the logical problem relating to language acquisition: how is it possible for a child, given his inadequate information about and strictly limited experience of language, to acquire the highly complex and vibrant system reflected in his knowledge of language? Chomsky refers to this logical problem as Plato’s problem: in what manner is it at all possible for us to know so much with so little data at hand? Only because the human being has at his disposal inborn and genetically determined powers. Item Open AccessVerb movement in Biblical Aramaic: summary of conclusions(University of the Free State, 2001) Lamprecht, AdriaanThe aim of this research was to prove within the limits of MP as expounded by Chomsky (1992), that V movement, in combination with the strength of the features of lexical heads, accounts adequately for the various word orders found in BA.