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dc.contributor.advisorWatson, Marie
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Ina S.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-14T08:39:12Z
dc.date.available2015-08-14T08:39:12Z
dc.date.issued2014-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/863
dc.description.abstractAll rivers should be monitored to detect changes and disturbances in order to be managed sustainably. Although non-perennial rivers are widespread and common in the semi-arid and arid areas of South Africa they have not been studied extensively. SASS 5 (South African Scoring System version 5) is the standard rapid bio-assessment method used to determine the present state of macroinvertebrates in South African rivers. The SASS 5 method was, however, developed for use in perennial rivers, and regardless of its inaccuracy in non-perennial rivers is still used in these rivers. This study tested the hypothesis that the SASS 5 biomonitoring method does not consider natural changes caused by the hydrology in non-perennial rivers and that family level identification is not accurate enough to reflect the changes in the state of the river. The Seekoei River, used as a case study, is an ephemeral (non-perennial) river, situated in the Northern Cape and is part of the Upper Orange Water Management Area. The autumn samples collected at two sites (EWR 3 and EWR 4; 2006 – 2010) in the Seekoei River during a WRC project (WRC research project K5/1587) were selected for the current study because of the ideal habitat and hydrology experienced at the sites. Two main hydrological phases were identified during the sampling period, i.e. FLOW phase and POOLS phase. Three years (2006, 2008, 2010) experienced the FLOW phase and two years (2007, 2009) the POOLS phase. Two macroinvertebrate families, Simuliidae and Baetidae, were used to determine the influence of species identification on the interpretation of biomonitoring data in non-perennial rivers. The results showed that species within the same family have certain flow and habitat preferences, which would not be detected using family-level data. This should be kept in mind when these rivers are managed. This study concluded that the information available from species-level analysis is important during the management of non-perennial rivers and therefore species-level data together with family-level data should be considered for use.en_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectNatural areas -- South Africa -- Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectWetland ecology -- South Africa -- Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectBaetidaeen_ZA
dc.subjectSimuliidaeen_ZA
dc.subjectEnvironmental managementen_ZA
dc.subjectMacroinvertebratesen_ZA
dc.subjectSpecies-levelen_ZA
dc.subjectBiomonitoringen_ZA
dc.subjectSASS 5en_ZA
dc.subjectSeekoei Riveren_ZA
dc.subjectNon-perennial riversen_ZA
dc.subjectDissertation (M.E.M. (Centre for Environmental Management))--University of the Free State, 2014en_ZA
dc.titleInvestigating the influence of hydrological phase on Baetidae and Simuliidae species composition in a South African non-perennial river: the Seekoei Riveren_ZA
dc.typeDissertationen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA


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