Effective enforcement of land use management systems in Windhoek: case studies of Klein Windhoek and Katutura
Kohima, Jennilee Magdelene
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Windhoek, as with all developing country Third World cities, is experiencing a tremendous influx of people from rural areas, seeking employment and the promise of a better fife. This results in the need for resources in the city to be used in a sustainable way. The primary purpose of this dissertation is to find out what are the barriers experienced by the City of Windhoek in facilitating land development applications under the Windhoek Town Planning Scheme of 1976 in Klein Windhoek and Katutura suburbs. The case study was conducted in Klein Windhoek and Katutura suburbs of Windhoek. Semi-structured interviews of town and regional planners were used for data collection supported by direct observations and document and policy analysis. The respondents were selected using the purposive sampling method. The institutional and legislative framework of land use management in Namibia were explained. The research has revealed that four major barriers are experienced by the City of Windhoek in facilitating land development applications under the Windhoek Town Planning Scheme in Klein Windhoek and Katutura. These include the lack of capacity in land use management within the City of Windhoek; outdated Town Planning Ordinance and Town Planning Scheme; no public awareness on land development applications; and the rigidness of the Windhoek Town Planning Scheme. The research further found that the enforcement of the Town Planning Scheme is inconsistent in Klein Windhoek and Katutura. Therefore, the research recommends among others the proactive implementation of the land use management systems in Windhoek and the creation of public awareness on town planning procedures and processes.