Realities regarding the implementation of the Lesotho education sector HIV and AIDS policy (2012) in primary schools
Rakolobe, Kelello Alicia
MetadataShow full item record
English: The development of a country is dependent on the health and education of its youth. For some countries, especially in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), HIV/AIDS has become a hindrance to its growth as it is one of the leading causes of deaths among young people. In an effort to counter the negative impact of HIV/AIDS, the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) in Lesotho, developed the Lesotho Education Sector HIV and AIDS Policy 2012 (LESHAP 2012) for implementation in schools. In principle, this policy aims at making education an active partner in the fight against HIV/AIDS in Lesotho. However, policies can only be effective and noble ideals, and goals can only be achieved if policies are implemented. This study aims to answer the question: What are the realities regarding the implementation of the Lesotho Education Sector HIV and AIDS Policy 2012 in primary schools? In answering this question, I adopted a constructivist paradigm as the principal lens in framing and developing this study. A qualitative research approach was used and in conjunction with the literature reviews, I also conducted a critical policy analysis. This was done to discover particular policy directives vital for effective and efficient implementation of the LESHAP 2012, and semi-structured interviews with school board members, principals and teachers selected from three primary schools, belonging to three main proprietors in the district of Mohale’s Hoek. The main finding of this study is that the LESHAP 2012 is not being implemented in these schools. This is primarily because the schools appear not to have any knowledge of the policy, since it has never been disseminated, distributed and communicated to the schools. As a result, most of the stipulations and directives which are supposed to ensure the effective implementation of the LESHAP 2012 are not adhered to. The implication of this is that the Lesotho education in general and schools in particular cannot effectively contribute towards the fight against HIV/AIDS. This despite the noble ideals of the policy and of the MOET to utilise education in the fight against HIV/AIDS in Lesotho. To try and reverse the situation and to enhance the implementation of the LESHAP 2012, recommendations are made. This includes a sincere effort to get the LESHAP 2012 out to schools and the training of educators in the effective implementation thereof.Sesotho: Tsoelopele ea naha efe kapa efe e itṧetlehile ka bophelo bo botle le ho ruteha ha bacha ba eona. Linaheng tse ling; haholoholo tse ikopantseng tsa selekane, tse; hloahloeng e Boroa ho Afrika (SADC), HIV/AIDS e thibela tsoelopele kaha ele eona sesosa se seholo sa mafu, haholoholo bathong ba bacha. Lekala la thuto le koetliso Lesotho (MOET), tekong ea lona ea ho theola sekhahla sa HIV/AIDS, le qapile leano le bitsoang Leano la Lefapha la thuto la HIV/AIDS Lesotho la 2012 (LESHAP 2012). Leano lena le tla kenngoa likolong kahar’a naha. Sepheo sa boithuto bona ke ho araba potso: Melemo ke efe ea ho kenya leano la boithuto holima HIV/AIDS Lesotho likolong tsa mathomo? (Lesotho Education Sector HIV and AIDS Policy 2012?). Ho araba potso ena, ke sebelisitse maikutlo a batho holima taba ena, ele ona a ntataisetsang ho fumana hoo eleng karabo boipotsong ba ka ke le mofuputsi. Maikutlo ana a batho hammoho le a hlahang lingoliloeng le tlhahlobo e tebileng ea leano, ke ona a nthusistseng ho fumana hoo eleng karabo potsong ea ka. Sena se nthusitse ho utloisisa bohlokoa ba ho kenya leano lena thutong ea Lesotho. Kaha sepheo sa boithuto bona e ne ele ho fuputsa hore na le sebetsa joang likolong. Ke ile ka fuputsa litaba tsena ho litho tsa liboto tsa likolo, baokameli le litichere tsa likolo tse tharo tsa mathomo tse ikarabellang likerekeng le mmusong tse fumanehang Lekhotleng la Mathomo la Mashaleng F02, lebatooeng la Qhalasi #57 Seterekeng sa Mohale’s Hoek. Ho fumanehile hore leano lena (LESHAP 2012) ha le sebelisoe likolong tsena. Lebaka ke hoba likolo tsena ha li tsebe ka lona, ‘me ka hona, ha ho kamoo li neng li ka le kenyeletsa thutong ka teng. Sena se bolela hore likolo, haholoholo tse sa tsebeng letho ka leano lena, li keke tsa tseba ho thusa toantṧong ea lefu lena la HIV/AIDS. Hona ho sitisa ho phethahala ha sepheo sa mantlha sa Lekala la Thuto le koetliso (MOET) sa ho sebelisa leano lena ho fokotsa sekhahla sa HIV/AIDS Lesotho. Ele mokhoa oa ho fetola boemo bona, le ho khothaletsa tṧebeliso ea leano lena la LESHAP 2012, ho entsoe likhothaletso tse kang ho netefatsa hore leano lena la LESHAP 2012 le isoe likolong, ‘me le litichere ba rupelloa ho le sebelisa ka nepo.