An evaluation of the implementation and management of an HIV/AIDS prevention programme in Lesotho schools
Since 2000 there has been increasing global concern over the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS leading to countries implementing strategies for tackling the pandemic. Lesotho has, among other strategies, implemented an HIV/AIDS prevention programme of incorporating HIV/AIDS content into the school curriculum in order to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS among young people. However, it is not clear whether all the teachers have received training in the programme or whether the programme has been implemented effectively. The study evaluated the implementation and management of an HIV/AIDS prevention programme of incorporating HIV/AIDS content into the school curriculum in Lesotho. Stratified sampling was used by dividing schools into two groups namely: primary and secondary schools and a sample of 191 teachers and 10 principals were randomly selected from the sample schools. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The literature study was conducted to acquire data on the extent of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and their management in other parts of the world. The study continued with obtaining data on the impact of HIV/AIDS on teachers and pupils in Lesotho schools and evaluated HIV/AIDS prevention programmes employed, specifically the HIV/AIDS prevention programme of incorporating HIV/AIDS content into the school curriculum. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 191 teachers which were computer analysed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences viewer. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data from ten principals, which the researcher transcribed, coded, sorted and displayed in a visual form and analysed the findings. A combination of questionnaires and interviews provided a built-in triangulation for the study. The study established that HIV/AIDS information has been incorporated into school subjects. The majority of teachers and pupils have textbooks containing HIV/AIDS content and most of the teachers have received training in incorporating HIV/AIDS content into their subject, although it may be inadequate. Finally, it was established that monitoring of the programme has been very poor. The study concluded with recommendations for improving the implementation and management of the programme.