Factors influencing organisational commitment motivation and job satisfaction among academic employees at a South African university: post-merger effects
This study was an assessment of the level of academics' organisational commitment, motivation and job satisfaction after the complex transformational process of merging. The study focused on one faculty in a South African technological university. The study aimed to answer the research question of whether there is a relationship between the merger experience, organisational commitment, motivation and job satisfaction among academic employees at a higher education institution. A quantitative research design was employed with the study and questionnaires were used to collect data. A sample of 154 university academics responded to the questionnaires. The sample consisted of 103 academics who were employed by the institution before the merger and 51 employed after the merger process. Questionnaires were self administered by the researcher and analysed. Results of the descriptive statistics and analyses of covariance indicated that a relationship indeed exists between merger experience and the studied variables. The same significance was also found between merger experience and certain confounding variables. Additionally, the study compared the levels of the studied variables between the pre-merger and post-merger groups and the difference was noted. The conclusions of the study revealed that although it is a mammoth task for institutional managers, obtaining academics' commitment and motivation during the change process is vital for the materialisation of merger goals. Younger academics seemed to be more commitment than their old counterparts; similar results were found for job satisfaction and motivation.