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dc.contributor.advisorHoelson, C. N.
dc.contributor.advisorBurns, R. B.
dc.contributor.authorHowcroft, John Gregory
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-19T06:34:14Z
dc.date.available2017-10-19T06:34:14Z
dc.date.issued1986-09
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/7306
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the effectiveness (representativeness) of a variety of instruments that are intended to measure the level of global and specific dimensions of self-esteem, and the level of defensiveness amongst Black university students. The literature review emphasized: (a) the lnconclusiveness .of the operationalization of self-esteem; (b) the neglect of the dimensions of self-esteem; (c) the paucity of attempts at cross-method convergence; (d) the neglect to specify the measurement context; (e) the inattention being paid to the role of defensiveness on self-report measures; and (f) the paucity of research into Black self-esteem in this country. Following the literature review, of Black students. were tested. a number of hypotheses were tested among groups A total of 430 first year full-time students. A major purpose of the research was to determine the effect of specific measurement· contexts upon self-esteem and defensiveness. Using Levene's variance-ratio test, the results indicated that different measurement contexts produced no significant differences between groups with regard to measures of global and the dimensions of self-esteem. However, the results revealed significant differences between groups with regard to measures of defensiveness. A further purpose of ".he research was to descriptively illustrate the characteristics of self-esteem with regard to measures of central tendency. The data. revealed that Black university students possess a moderately positive level of global self-esteem, and a mar.kedly elevated level of academic self-esteem. The data also indicated that those groups who had been exposed to a measurement context with inherently greater demand characteristics revealed a higher level of defensiveness than those groups who had been exposed to a context with fewer demand characteristics. A third purpose of the research was to examine the intercorrelations of various measures of self-esteem and defensiveness in order to identify the most "representative" measurement procedures respectively. The results indicated that Coopersmith's Self-Esteem Inventory (a measure of global self-esteem), Brookover's Self-Concept of Ability Scale (a measure of academic self-esteem), and Marlowe-Crowne's Social Desirability Scale (a measure of defensiveness) possessed the highest levels of cross-method convergence. A fourth purpose of the research was to examine the relationship between self-esteem and defensiveness. The results revealed a highly significant correlation between self-esteem and defensiveness. Finally, the data of a post-hoc analysis partly confirm that personality traits as measured by standardized South African tests appear to be significantly related to measures of global and academic self-esteem and defensiveness. In conclusion, it is suggested that further cross-method studies of self-esteem be conducted in South Africa within and across different ethnic groups, and serious attention be paid to the use of more than one modality of the measurement of self-esteem.en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorshipHuman Sciences Research Councilen_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free State (Vista)en_ZA
dc.subjectSelf-esteemen_ZA
dc.subjectDefensiveness (Psychology)en_ZA
dc.subjectThesis (D.Phil. (Psychology)--University of the Free State (Vista), 1986en_ZA
dc.titleThe self-esteem of black university studentsen_ZA
dc.typeThesisen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free State (Vista)en_ZA


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