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dc.contributor.advisorBragg, R. R.
dc.contributor.advisorBoucher, C. E.
dc.contributor.authorCoetsee, Elke
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-28T07:08:32Z
dc.date.available2015-07-28T07:08:32Z
dc.date.issued2014-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/708
dc.description.abstractAvibacterium paragallinarum is an avian pathogen that causes the upper respiratory disease Infectious coryza (IC) in chickens. This disease has the ability to cause vast economic losses due to a decrease in egg production. To date the factors contributing to pathogenicity, immunogenicity and serotyping are still not clearly understood. Vaccine failures are a major problem that occurs due to no or poor cross-protection occurring especially between the C-serovars of A. paragallinarum. This problem will be overcome by having a more accurate serotyping technique available for the diagnosis of IC. Therefore one of the aims of this study was the development of a molecular serotyping technique, where a serotyping PCR was developed which distinguished between the Modesto (C-2) and SA-3 (C-3) A. paragallinarum isolates which is the major cause of IC in South Africa. Reported in a recently published article was the presence of a HP2-like and Mu-like phage within the genome of the Modesto (C-2) strain of A. paragallinarum. Therefore another major question addressed during this study was whether there are prophage genes present in all of the reference isolates as well as in field isolates of A. paragallinarum and what the effect of these phages might be on the virulence and pathogenicity of these isolates. Phage genes that are important during lysogeny were selected and screened for by means of PCR. From the results it was able to determine that some of these genes are present in some of these isolates but no discernible patterns were detected in terms of the effect on pathogenicity. Therefore future studies will be conducted to mainly focus on the effect these phages might have on the virulence and pathogenicity as well as whether these phages are responsible for the occurrence of different A. paragallinarum serovars.en_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subjectAvian influenzaen_ZA
dc.subjectPathogenic microorganismsen_ZA
dc.subjectPoultry -- Virus diseasesen_ZA
dc.subjectCross-protectionen_ZA
dc.subjectInfectious Coryzaen_ZA
dc.subjectVaccine failuresen_ZA
dc.subjectAvibacterium paragallinarumen_ZA
dc.subjectMu-like phageen_ZA
dc.subjectHP2-like phageen_ZA
dc.subjectSerotyping PCRen_ZA
dc.subjectDissertation (M.Sc. (Microbial, Biochemical and Food Biotechnology))--University of the Free State, 2014en_ZA
dc.titleThe development of a molecular serotyping system and an investigation into the presence of prophages in Avibacterium paragallinarum serogroupsen_ZA
dc.typeDissertationen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA


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