Recent Submissions

  • Encopresis: a holistic approach 

    Badenhorst, Stefanie; Pretorius, Gertie; Stuart, Anita (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: Encopresis is an often under-reported and poorly researched complexity. Earlier treatment followed either a medical or a psychological approach, with little acknowledgement of the social factors involved. Only ...
  • Early modern conceptions of “natural law” 

    Venter, Ponti (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: This article traces the shifts in meaning of the metaphor of “natural law” in modern thought from its pre-modern meaning as a divine standard for human behaviour accessible to reason. Descartes expanded this meaning ...
  • Balancing quality and access in online education 

    Wilkinson, Annette; Wilkinson, Liezel; Nel, Guillaume (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: The new information communication technologies offer exciting new possibilities for online/Web-based education. Two factors have come to be viewed as central to assuring quality in this type of education, viz the ...
  • The role of the Native Advisory Board and the succeeding Urban Bantu Council of Mangaung, Bloemfontein, 1945-1973 

    Le Roux, Charl (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: In the absence of political and executive powers the Native Advisory Board and Urban Bantu Council of Mangaung could do very little to remedy their community’s urgent socio-economic and political grievances. Any ...
  • Urbanisation, urban dilemmas and urban challenges in Lesotho 

    Marais, Lochner (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: With a formal urbanisation rate of approximately 20%, Lesotho has an extremely low urbanisation level. This article attempts to analyse current urbanisation trends and to compare various sources of data in order ...
  • A demographic profile of the Cape metropolitan area, 1996 and 2021 

    Haldenwang, Bärbel (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: With a total population of 2.56 million in 1996, the Cape Metropolitan Area (CMA) is the third largest metropole in South Africa. It is the second largest contributor to the country’s GDP, accounts for 8.0% of ...
  • Die verband tussen trekangs, diensjare en posttraumatiese stresversteuring by polisiebeamptes 

    Knoetze, Johanna; De Bruin, Gideon (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: In the course of duty, officers of the South African Police Services face highly stressful, life-threatening situations. This article discusses a model in which trait anxiety and years of service were specified ...
  • Staff empowerment: creating an empowered work environment in schools 

    Steyn, Trudie (University of the Free State, 2001)
    English: Recent conceptions of leadership in the school context suggest a shift from authoritarian models of decision-making towards staff empowerment. Staff thus now have decision-making powers which they lacked in the ...