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dc.contributor.authorStrauss, Danie
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-07T07:26:13Z
dc.date.available2017-09-07T07:26:13Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationStrauss, D. (2003). The Copernican turn of biology in the early twentieth century. Acta Academica, 35(3), 49-76.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn0587-2405 (print)
dc.identifier.issn2415-0479 (online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/6822
dc.description.abstractEnglish: The emergence of the term Umwelt within twentieth-century biological thought is reminiscent of the turn towards the “subject” in early modern philosophy. The term Umwelt originally had a spatial connotation, which explains why analysis reveals an interdisciplinary terminological connectedness transcending the confines of any specific scientific discipline. This interdisciplinary consideration opens the way for systematic perspectives developed against the relevant historical background, in particular the Umweltlehre of Jakob von Uexküll, who explicitly introduced the notion of a “subject” into biological research. His contribution is assessed in terms of multivocal spatial terms such as (bio-)milieu and (bio)-sphere and the subject-object relations found in nature (within the plant and animal realms). This highlights the inherent limitations of the Umwelt concept, also explaining why in its purely biological sense it cannot be applied to the domain of human experience.en_ZA
dc.description.abstractAfrikaans: Deur te let op die wyse waarop die term Umwelt beslag gekry het binne die biologiese denke van die twintigste eeu word ’n mens herinner aan die Kopernikaanse omwenteling ten gunste van die “subjek” wat in die moderne filosofie ingetree het. Oorspronklik besit die term Umwelt ’n ruimtelike konnotasie. Daarom lê ’n analise daarvan ’n interdissiplinêre verweefdheid bloot wat die grense van enige spesifieke dissipline te bowe gaan. Hierdie interdissiplinêre oorweging open die weg vir sistematiese perspektiewe teen die relevante historiese agtergrond, spesifiek die Umweltlehre van Jakob von Uexküll. Hy het (in aansluiting by Kant) die nosie van ’n “subjek” in biologiese navorsing aan die orde gestel. Hierdie bydrae word beoordeel in die lig van terme soos bio-milieu and bio-sfeer in terme van die talle subjek-objek relasies wat in die natuur (beide binne die ryke van plante en diere) aangetref word. Hierdie oorwegings belig argumente op grond waarvan die ongekwalifiseerde toepassing van die begrip Umwelt op die menslike ervaring bevraagteken moet word.af
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA
dc.subject“Copernican turn”en_ZA
dc.subjectModern philosophyen_ZA
dc.subjectUmwelten_ZA
dc.titleThe Copernican turn of biology in the early twentieth centuryen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderUniversity of the Free Stateen_ZA


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