Mode identification in delta δ Scuti stars
Evers, Elizabeth Anne
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This thesis discusses mode-identification from multicolour photometry. First, the need for a better mode identification technique for stars that have significant phase differences between the light curves in different colours is addressed. The necessary equation needed for modeidentification from photometry is then derived and briefly discussed. Then, a new, statistically based algorithm for mode-identification is developed by extending and adapting a method that has been applied to pulsating white dwarfs, to include the information provided by the different phases of the light curves in different wavelengths. This new algorithm allows the best estimate of the spherical harmonic degree l to be determined, as well as a confidence level from which the uniqueness of the mode-identification can be ascertained. The algorithm is then applied to a selection of well-observed 8 Seuti stars with the necessary multicolour photometry. It is found that it works well for high amplitude 8 Set stars, but that discrimination between the l = 0 and l = 1 modes is sometimes poor for the low amplitude stars. An algorithm to deduce the effective temperature, luminosity and equatorial velocity from the observed frequencies is also proposed. It is found that some mode-identification is necessary to obtain a unique solution of the stellar parameters. The method is applied to a subset of the 8 Set stars which have a suitable number of frequencies and suitable mode identifications.