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dc.contributor.authorChen, Weikai
dc.contributor.authorLeiter, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorYin, Dong
dc.contributor.authorMeiring, Muriel
dc.contributor.authorLouw, Vernon J.
dc.contributor.authorKoeffler, H. Phillip
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-24
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-01T10:37:09Z
dc.date.available2010
dc.date.available2016-04-01T10:37:09Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationChen, W., Leiter, A., Yin, D., Meiring, M., Louw, V. J., & Koeffler, H. P. (2010). Cucurbitacin B inhibits growth, arrests the cell cycle, and potentiates antiproliferative efficacy of cisplatin in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. International journal of oncology, 37(3), 737-743.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1019-6439
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/2374
dc.description.abstractCutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is the second most common skin cancer with a substantial risk of metastasis which causes clinical treatment failure. This study investigated the anti-CSCC effects of a triterpenoid compound, Cucurbitacin B (CuB). Dose-response studies showed that CuB inhibited 50% growth (ED50) of the CSCC cell lines (SRB1, SRB12, SCC13, COLO16) in liquid culture at 4x10-7 -10-5 M. Soft-agar assays demonstrated that nearly all of the CSCC clonogenic cells were inhibited at 10-7 M CuB. FACS analysis found that the compound (10-7 M, 48 h) caused G2/M arrest. The CSCC cells underwent profound morphologic changes within 60 min after exposure to CuB (10-7 M), rounding up and losing their pseudopodia. CuB (10-7 M) caused prominent multinucleation of the cells after they were pulse-exposed (24 h) to the drug, washed and cultured in normal medium for an additional 24 h. The drug (10-8-10-6 M, 3-24 h) decreased levels of CDC2 and cyclin B1 in SRB1 and SRB12 cell lines as seen by Western blot analysis. Migration of SRB1 and SRB12 cells was inhibited by 10-7 M CuB. Interestingly, CuB synergistically potentiated the anti-proliferative effect of cisplatin in CSCC. In summary, CuB has a prominent anti-proliferative activity on CSCC cells. In vivo studies and clinical trials of this drug should be pursued in CSCC.en_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherSpandidos Publicationsen_ZA
dc.subjectCucurbitacin Ben_ZA
dc.subjectCell cycleen_ZA
dc.subjectCisplatinen_ZA
dc.subjectCutaneous squamous cell carcinomaen_ZA
dc.subjectSkin -- Canceren_ZA
dc.subjectSquamous cell carcinomaen_ZA
dc.titleCucurbitacin B inhibits growth, arrests the cell cycle, and potentiates antiproliferative efficacy of cisplatin in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell linesen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderInternational Journal of Oncologyen_ZA


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