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dc.contributor.authorNkooe, Ernestina S.
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-11T10:27:15Z
dc.date.available2019-03-11T10:27:15Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationNkooe, E. S. (2018). A Lefebvrian analysis of public spaces in Mangaung, South Africa. Urban Planning, 3(3), 26-39. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/up.v3i3.1363en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2183-7635 (online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.17645/up.v3i3.1363
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11660/9756
dc.description.abstractHoffman Square, Driehoek Neighbourhood Park and Old Regional Park are public spaces in Mangaung. Henri Lefebvre’s The Production of Space and Elements of Rhythmanalysis are explored in the analysis of these public spaces’ organised representations, representational uses and rhythmic spatial practices. This article found that: (1) public spaces in Mangaung are lived spaces that are regularly appropriated by inhabitants whose unpoliced social practices of vandalism and littering—along with the harsh regional climate—deteriorate the physical quality of the public spaces, secreting environmental incivility in the public spaces; (2) cyclical rhythms of night and day times have a practical impact on the spatial practices of each public space in spite of their design and location. For example, day-time entails high and rapid levels of public space uses while night-time diffuses these dynamics significantly; and (3) Mangaung’s spatial plans encourage the liberal uses of its public spaces however, it fails to enforce its by-laws to curb experienced physical decay of, and environmental incivility in, the public spaces. This increases the vulnerability of its public spaces to external shocks—emanating from nature and society—thus depriving the public spaces of an opportunity to be perceived as alternatives for urban regeneration and local economic revitalisation.en_ZA
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherCogitatio Pressen_ZA
dc.subjectBloemfonteinen_ZA
dc.subjectHenri Lefebvreen_ZA
dc.subjectPublic spaceen_ZA
dc.subjectSecondary citiesen_ZA
dc.subjectThaba Nchuen_ZA
dc.titleA Lefebvrian analysis of public spaces in Mangaung, South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthor(s) retain copyrighten_ZA
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution License 4.0


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