Lokale realisme in speelprente van Raro en Carfo: 'n inhoudsontleding
Wheeler, Philippus Ferdinand
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A survey of the literature showed that a group of Afrikaners, from about 1938, strifed to create Afrikaans films which would be cultural products of the Afrikaner. Their motivation was to combat the cultural imperialism of the imported Hollywood films and to take control of Afrikaans film production. The literature shows that up to 1938, Afrikaans film production was dominated by outsiders - people who were not part of the Afrikaner nation. To attain this goal then, this group of Afrikaners organised themselves in the Volksrolprentbond in 1939, then disbanded and regrouped in 1940 in the Reddingsdaadbond-Amateurrolprentorganisasie (Raro). Eventually, however, it was a group of Afrikaans clergymen from the Dutch Reformed Church, with a few former members of the defunct Raro, who founded the Christelike Afrikaanse Rolprent en Fotografiese Organisasie (Carfo) in 1947. Carfo made fourteen feature films. The research in this study was aimed at the description of a local realist tendency among Afrikaans feature films. It eventually focussed on these fourteen films. The literature study indicated that four general elements of style manifested itself in Carfo's feature films. The first, the adaptation of Afrikaanse novels, was a well established fact. The content analysis was therefore aimed to test for the three remaining elements of style, that is: Christian propaganda, Afrikaner locality and realism. All fourteen feature films of Carfo were tested. The result was a confirmation of the indications of the literature study: the feature films of Carfo constitute a Christian local realist tendency in the Afrikaans film industry. It is an identifiable religious genre, embedded in the Afrikaner's culture.