The common causes of uveitis in different age groups in Universitas Academic Hospital in Bloemfontein (2012 – 2016)
Objectives: to find out the aetiological profile of uveitis among patients that attended the eye clinic at Universitas Academic Hospital from 2012 to 2016. In particular the aetiological profile of uveitis is tailored to differing age groups of patients in our eye clinic population. Methods: a retrospective review the patients that attended the Universitas Academic Hospital eye clinic from 2012 to 2016 was done. Results: 71 eyes of 54 patients’ clinical files were reviewed. There were three different age group categories, and all three seemed to suffer from different aetiologies, primarily. The paediatric group suffered mostly from JIA and masquerade syndrome, the “youths” group suffered mostly from infective uveitis, as was the adult group, with syphilitic uveitis accounting for above 54% of the cases of uveitis in adults, and about 40.7% overall. Also the occurrence of HIV in this study population was relatively high. Conclusion: in the local setting, the most common causes of uveitis tend to be infective in nature, and this can be correlated well with the prevalence of HIV in our hospital population. Retinoblastoma also seems to be a significant cause of masquerade syndrome in children.